Hamstring strain


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hamstring strain assessment in Manchester City Centre
HAMSTRING STRAIN


What is hamstring strain?


Hamstring strain is a tear of one of the muscles which make up the hamstring muscles group at the back of your thigh.


The most common type of hamstring strain is the lateral part of your hamstring muscle (biceps femoris - long head) and you may be more likely to get a hamstring strain if you play football, basketball, tennis or similar sports that involves sudden stops and starts.




What is the hamstring muscle?


Hamstring is one of the three posterior (at the back) muscles in between the hip and your knee (behind your thigh) and they are the opposing muscles to your quadriceps (front thigh muscles).


There are three main muscles that comprise the hamstring muscle group.

The biceps femoris ( long-short head) is a very big and long muscle located at the back of your thigh and more on the outside of it. The semitendinosus is located at the posterior and medial (inside) part of your thigh and the semimebranosus is the most medial of your hamstring muscles.


Those muscles are responsible for walking , jumping , running and they are prone to injuries and strains.




Types of hamstring strains


  • Grade I hamstring strain:

The muscle fibres are not torn but they have been overstretched and irritated. This type of strain is also referred as a "pulled muscle". This kind of strain its not severe and there is no significant loss of strength or mobility. The muscle fibres that they are affected from a grade I muscle strain is less than 5%. RECOVERY TIME: 3-5 weeks

  • Grade II hamstring strain:

More extensive damage with more muscle fibres (around 50%) involved in grade II hamstring strain. The muscle fibres have partially torn and grade II hamstring strain is considered a moderate strain. The pain it might be acute accompanied by swelling and minor decrease of hamstring strength. RECOVERY TIME: 6-8 weeks

  • Grade III hamstring strain:

The hamstring muscle in a grade III strain may be completely ruptured. That means either the tendon is separated from the muscles or the belly of the muscle is actually torn in 2 different parts. This is a severe injury and it can cause severe pain, a lot of swelling and loss of motion and strength. RECOVERY TIME: Depends on the type of surgery that you receive and it could take anywhere from 6-9 months and sometimes even longer.






What causes hamstring strain?

A muscle strain happens when a muscle can not cope anymore with the forcing demands that placed on them and that leads to tearing of the muscle fibres. This can happen due to:


  • Lifting something heavy - like lifting dumbbells in the gym

  • Poor mechanics of your body or in the affected area

  • Repetitive movements for long period of time / fatigue - Like painting walls all day long

  • Heavy blow to your muscle - contact sports

  • Poor flexibility

  • Poor conditioning

  • Not warming up enough and properly before a physical activity

  • Overextending or overstretching a muscle too much (too far) and fast - Like sprinting or catching a falling child

  • Exerting yourself much harder than you usually do





What are the symptoms of hamstring strain?

Muscle strain symptoms vary depending on how severe your injury is, but may include:

  • Intense pain on the actual strained area or it can radiate to the surrounding region of your muscle

  • Swelling

  • Tenderness when you touch the injured muscle

  • Weakness

  • Reduced range of movement

  • Bruising

  • Difficulty moving the muscle like you usually can



Treatment of hamstring strain

At Physio Pattern Manchester we are specialised in assessing and treating people with a hamstring strain injury. At Physio Pattern Manchester we will do a thorough assessment in order to find the real cause of your hamstring strain. A treatment plan will be developed to ensure a speedy recovery with long term results and no recurrence. An Individualised exercise program will be prescribed to you as well. Physio Pattern Manchester is going to use some of the modalities below as assessment and treatment tools (click on the links below for more information).

If you would like more information of how Physio Pattern Manchester can help with this condition, or to book an assessment please call


07450797375


Email: Manchester@physiopattern.co.uk


 

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