What is Plantar fasciitis ?
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. It involves inflammation of a thick band of tissue that runs across the bottom of your foot and connects your calcaneus (heel bone) to your toes (plantar fascia).
Plantar fasciitis is more common in runners or people who are overweight and those who wear shoes with inadequate support. It may also cause tension in surrounding muscles and quite often the pain in the heel is described as a stabbing pain.
Symptoms are normally in the bottom of the foot ( plantar area) and around the heel bone. Patients describe their pain like a stabbing very intense pain which is worse after waking up in the morning taking the first steps or standing for long period of time. The pain is usually worse after exercise not during it. https://www.physiopattern.com/
The main cause of plantar fascia is the poor mechanics of the feet, either over-pronated or over-supinated feet. An over-pronated foot overstretches the plantar fascia creating excessive tension on the affected area and that's the most common cause of plantar fascia. Also an over-supinated foot compresses the fascia on the plantar area of the foot.
Also muscle imbalances in the posterior kinetic chain can create a lot of tension on the calf muscle, achilles tendon and plantar fascia. A common dysfunctional pattern is the gastrocnemius muscle (calf muscle) working hard to an under-active gluteus maximus (glutes) muscle (sedentary lifestyle is one of the main causes of this dysfunctional pattern) https://www.physiopattern.com/ .
Furthermore repetitive strains , poor quality of shoes exercising in a hard surface
and wearing heels quite often can also cause similar symptoms on the plantar fascia.
Foot mechanics is the most common risk factor to develop plantar fascia (mentioned above). Also specific type of exercises like zumba, running, ballet, dancing etc... load the heel in a great amount and repetitively and that contribute to an earlier onset of the symptoms. Obesity and occupations that keep you on your feet all day long can also stress and damage plantar fascia
Ignoring plantar fasciitis may result in chronic heel pain that hinders your regular activities. Changing the way you walk to minimise plantar fasciitis pain might lead to foot, knee, hip or back problems.
And Neurokinetic (https://www.physiopattern.com/neurokinetic-therapy) are highly recommended for this kind of problems.
Manual Therapy (https://www.physiopattern.com/manualtherapy)
And Kinesio-Tape (https://www.physiopattern.com/kinesio-tape) can also be beneficial
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