What is TMJ pain?
Jaw and facial pain is a common problem affecting millions of people worldwide. It causes many treatment challenges in the healthcare community when it comes to diagnosis and treatment.
As there are so many potential causes to jaw pain, correct diagnosis is vital. A specialised practitioner (physiopattern.co.uk) needs to identify the exact cause in order to provide the best course of pain-relieving treatments.
What is temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome?
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome is a disorder of the jaw muscles and nerves caused by injury or inflammation to the temporomandibular joint. The temporomandibular joint is the connection between the jawbone and the skull.
The injured or inflamed temporomandibular joint leads to pain with chewing, clicking, crackling, and popping of the jaw, swelling on the sides of the face, nerve inflammation, headaches (including migraines), tooth grinding (bruxism), eustachian tube dysfunction and sometimes dislocation of the temporomandibular joint.
Temporomandibular joint syndrome is also known as temporomandibular joint disorder.
What causes TMJ syndrome?
misalignment (malocclusion) or trauma to the teeth or jaw
misalignment of the articular disk
teeth grinding (bruxism)
stress or anxiety
weak core muscles, deep neck flexors or lower back muscles.
sensory receptors dysfunction
arthritis and other inflammatory musculoskeletal disorders
excessive gum chewing.
What are the symptoms of TMJ syndrome?
Pain or tenderness in the jaw, especially at the area of the joint
Popping/clicking of the jaw (crepitus)
Pain that feels like a toothache
Ear pain (earache) or sounds of cracking in the ears
Ringing or popping sounds in the ears (tinnitus) or a sense of fullness in the ears
Tight, stiff, or sore jaw or neck muscles
Muscle spasms in the jaw (often masseter, lateral pterygoid and temporalis muscle)
Facial pain, mouth pain, jaw pain, cheek pain, or chin numbness or tingling
Pain, swelling, or a lump in the temple area
Locking or dislocation of the jaw (usually after widely yawning), referred to as lockjaw
What is the best treatment for TMJ disorder?
At Physio Pattern Manchester (Physiopattern.co.uk) we take our client's treatment very seriously. We will try to find the real cause and the root of the problem by taking a thorough assessment in order to provide the best course of pain-relieving treatments. The treatment modalities that we recommend as the most effective for TMJ dysfunction is: