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Adductor strain

adductor strain treatment in Manchester City Centre

What is adductor strain?

Adductor strain or Groin strain is a very common medial (inside) leg and groin pain, especially among athletes. Adductor strain is an acute injury to the muscles on the inside of your thigh, known as the adductor muscles.

The pain can arise from the structures in the groin such as adductor muscles, tendons, ligaments or bursae. Adductor strains usually are not very serious, although if they left untreated may take a long time to recover and in the meantime you might create dysfunctional compensation patterns in your body.

What is adductor muscles?

The muscles in the medial compartment of your thigh are known as adductor muscles. There are 5 muscles in this group:

  • Pectineus

  • Adductors Brevis

  • Adductor Longus

  • Adductor Magnus

  • Gracilis

The hip adductors function is to move your thigh closer to your body's central axis. The adductor muscles originate on the pubis and ischium bones and insert mainly on the medial posterior surface of the femur / thigh.

The adductor muscles are innervated by the obturator nerve except of the pectineus which is innervated by the femoral nerve and a small part of Adductor Magnus is innervated by the sciatic / tibial nerve.

Types of adductor strains

  • Grade I adductor strain:

The muscle fibres are not torn but they have been overstretched and irritated. This type of strain is also referred as a "pulled muscle". This kind of strain its not severe and there is no significant loss of strength or mobility. The muscle fibres that they are affected from a grade I muscle strain is less than 5%. RECOVERY TIME: 3-5 weeks

  • Grade II adductor strain:

More extensive damage with more muscle fibres (around 50%) involved in grade II adductor strain. The muscle fibres have partially torn and grade II adductor strain is considered a moderate strain. The pain it might be acute accompanied by swelling and minor decrease of adductor strength. RECOVERY TIME: 6-8 weeks

  • Grade III adductor strain:

The adductor muscles in a grade III strain may be completely ruptured. That means either the tendon is separated from the muscles or the belly of the muscle is actually torn in 2 different parts. This is a severe injury and it can cause severe pain, a lot of swelling and loss of motion and strength. RECOVERY TIME: Depends on the type of surgery that you receive and it could take anywhere from 6-9 months and sometimes even longer.

What causes adductor strain?

A muscle strain happens when a muscle can not cope anymore with the forcing demands that placed on them and that leads to tearing of the muscle fibres. This can happen due to:

  • Lifting something heavy - like lifting dumbbells in the gym

  • Poor mechanics of your body or in the affected area

  • Repetitive movements for long period of time / fatigue - Like painting walls all day long

  • Heavy blow to your muscle - contact sports

  • Poor flexibility

  • Poor conditioning

  • Not warming up enough and properly before a physical activity

  • Overextending or overstretching a muscle too much (too far) and fast - Like sprinting or catching a falling child

  • Exerting yourself much harder than you usually do

What are the symptoms of adductor strain?

Muscle strain symptoms vary depending on how severe your injury is, but may include:

  • Intense pain on the actual strained area or it can radiate to the surrounding region of your muscle